The Dragon Boat Festival is the fifth day of the fifth month of the lunar calendar every year. It is also known as the Dragon Boat Festival, the Wuri Festival, the May Festival, the Summer Fifth, and the Chong Fifth. The Dragon Boat Festival is a traditional festival for the Han people in China to commemorate Qu Yuan. It revolves around the talented and independent Chu State doctor Qu Yuan. It spreads to all parts of China. The folk culture is shared. The celebrities of Qu Yuan are well known and cherish the noble feelings of the Chinese nation. On the Dragon Boat Festival, there are customs of eating zongzi, racing dragon boats, hanging calamus, wormwood, wormwood, fumigating atractylodes, angelica, and drinking realgar wine. "Dragon Boat Festival" is one of the national legal holidays and is included in the World Intangible Cultural Heritage List.
There are many paintings and calligraphy works based on the theme of the Dragon Boat Festival in history. The Yuan Dynasty painter Wu Tinghui's "Dragon Boat Wins the Bid", the Song Dynasty's "Golden Ming Competition for the Bid", "Dragon Boat Picture", and the Qing Dynasty's "Danyang Story Book" all describe the Dragon Boat Festival. The folk custom of people racing dragon boats.
Dragon Boat Festival in Traditional Chinese Painting | Dragon Boat Festival in Famous Paintings
Qi Baishi "Five Days Auspiciousness", written in 1943
Qi Baishi painted a seasonal painting of the Dragon Boat Festival. In the painting, it can be seen that every family hangs calamus to drive away the miasma in the "Fifth Day". Artemisia argyi leans to the right, and the calamus on the left is also called Pu Jian. It is written in anthurium in several strokes, with thick ink on the stems, without losing the "sword spirit". A few simple strokes can subtly show the corners and corners of the palm. The thick ink dry pen writes the brown rope, and the succinct jug and wine glass are next to it.
Zhang Daqian "Dragon Boat Customs"
Zhang Daqian's "Dragon Boat Festival Customs" was written in 1979, and its first paragraph is known as: Realgar and Garlic Thousand Years of Customs, Hairpin and Ai Hanging Pu Wan Hu Huan. It's hard to draw symbols to scare ghosts because of the old man sitting in his belly. Since ancient times, red magic charms have been painted every day at noon, but they have never seen it again today. Sixty-eight years, noon day drama, eighty-one old man.